Puberty is a stage of life during which boys and girls cope new mental and physical changes. It is a process in which a child baby grows up to an adult, and he or she has the efficiency to reproduce sexually. Hormones which instigate to flow from brain to boy testis and girls ovaries do it. In reciprocate, the gonads (testes and ovaries), stimulate sexual desires growth, genital hair, skin, muscles, blood (WBC or RBC), etc. During the phase of puberty, there is a set of physical reshaping which leads to sexual maturation or helps to attain fertility. There is an iota of fresh and organic changes like growing muscles and pubic hairs.
So it may also affect cerebral and emotional maturation. Puberty is the most zestful period of human life. All the actions during this time must step after thinking about the worst side of operations. It develops so-called sex intimations.
It is wholly undetermined the timings of occurring puberty, but it depends on many factors. Some theory purposes the weight, or body composition plays a significant role in occurring of puberty. The childhood obesity leads one to have earlier puberty that is known as central precocious puberty or CPP. However, girls usually suffer from CPP.
Earlier puberty is just because of more premature secretion of leptin (hormone). Leptin produced by the hypothalamus that is an area of the brain to release hormone. Hypothalamus release gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and it allow pituitary gland to secrete luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulation hormone (FSH) that is the reason for sexual desires and development.
Genetic factors are also known to involve in timings of puberty. GPR54 is a gene that is responsible for the secretion of GnRH from the hypothalamus. Those who are not heretic by this gene are not able to have puberty usually.
There are many different and typical stages that children face when they start to go through puberty process.
Breast growth takes place first in girl puberty. Then it follows by growing pubic hairs. They notice more hairs on legs and armpits. After this, girls have their first period (menstrual cycle) within two years.
The process of ovulation to get fertility develops after a girl goes through her menstrual cycle. Studies show that girls who begin to menstruate just after 13 will not ovulate for next five years. For the next couple of years of puberty begins, girls breast continues to grow until it became fuller in size. The pubic hairs of girls start to curly and coarser. Some factors are common in girls like they notice more hairs on other parts of the body such as on lip top, hands, etc. some notice pimples like or pustules on their face with white or blackheads.
Girls have thick and white vaginal discharge that keeps vagina away from infections and makes it moist and clean. We can say it reasonable when it is clean, white, thick, sticky, slippery, wet and doesn’t have an unpleasant smell.
If you are pregnant and sexually active as using birth control, it may have heavier discharge. Girls go through a growth spurt which is approximately two years earlier than boys. Girls have 2-3 inches increment in their height from the time their periods start that is their adult height sometimes.
Girls have many changes in their body shape as they gain more body fat along their thighs, upper arms, and upper back, therefore, they gain more body weight. Their hips get rounder shape and waist become narrow.
No external symptoms show in case of boys puberty, but internally, their sexual hormones become a lot more active. At the age of 11, some youth symptoms appear among males. In males, the first sign of puberty is the increasing size of testicles. After this, penis starts to increase in size simultaneously.
Pubic hairs start to appear at the base of the penis or around the testicles. Their testicles size measure 4 mm to 25 mm to the time they get their full size. Boys take 2-6 years to get proper sexual maturity. Boys muscles grow up as they are more muscular in comparison to girls.
Their voice becomes deeper due to maturity. After some time, penis and testicles grow up to their full size and their scrotums start to become dark gradually. Their pubic hair becomes thick and curlier. They start to sweat more and more. Their breast tissue grows up slightly.
Some boys go through involuntary ejaculation of semen during sleeping, and of course, it is entirely natural. Boys have acne sometimes on their skin which causes spots, oily or sometimes burning skin. Acne grows on faces, backs, and chests but it mostly affects men face. Their facial starts to grow and pubic hairs start to spread to the inner thighs. Boys continue to get taller at a slower rate until they reach at 16. However, their muscles grow regularly. Mostly kids become fully adult by the age of 18.
Occurring puberty may be a difficult asset to children. Children sometimes produce body odor that is an awful smell lead by bacteria on the skin and split the acid in the sweat.
Body smell occurs at the time of when apocrine sweat glands prosper which put together the sweat and break down the bacteria. Men have more body odor than women because sweat produces more in men.
Sometimes puberty can also be an exciting rout. Feelings and emotions develop in children during puberty. They often have psychological and emotional effects. This time, children become sensitive about their physical appearance, and it results lose temper, feel irritated or depressed. Sometimes uncertain and conflicting thoughts swings children’s mood. The many swings in mood called swing feeling. Swing feeling happens due to changing the level of hormones in the body. Self-conscious is also common in children and mainly in girls because breast development and wider hips make them more noticeable and feel conscious about their body shape.
The most common factor of one set of puberty is sexual maturity. It attracts children towards thinking and having sex. It’s not child fault to have such needs as it is a natural phenomenon. It draws them towards the body with whom they wanted to sex. Children have such feelings during reading romantic novels, watching romantic scenes in TV, etc. to know more about and having safe sex, discuss things with whom you are comfortable.