Pediatric Febrile Seizures: Causes, Signs and Home Remedies

Posted on Updated on 21 April, 2018

You ought to have experienced seizures once in a lifetime as they are very common. Seizures are a manifestation of improper functions of certain brain cell connections. It is a kind of an electronic shock that the brain experiences. The extent of these shocks depends on your brain’s capacity to withstand these abnormal functions.

When we talk about Pediatric Febrile Seizures, we basically mean febrile seizures in children. Children get such seizures when they suffer from high fever. High fever results in lowering of the threshold of their power to withstand the shocks. This results in seizures.

Types of Seizures:

  • Simple febrile seizures: these seizures don’t last long. During this kind of seizure, a child’s body convulses. The eyes roll upwards, the body might shake, and the child might vomit or pee unconsciously.
  • Complex febrile seizures: this lasts longer than simple seizures. This might involve movement or twitching of only one part of the body.

Let us take a look at the reasons why this kind of dysfunction takes place in one’s body.

Causes for Pediatric Febrile Seizures:

Pediatric febrile Seizures might occur due to some reasons. Though one substantial reason is not known, still doctors have come up with the following common reasons over the years.

  • It is said that seizures can occur due to certain viruses. When a child’s brain develops, it reacts to high fevers in this way.
  • Febrile seizures can be a result of inheritance. If it runs in the family, your baby is more prone to such disorders. Again, if a kid has had a seizure once, it is likely that he or she will have another attack within one or two years of the first attack.
  • Babies who have their first seizure at a very early age are more likely to have one shortly. Most of them have seizures by the age of five.

You shouldn’t confuse seizures with epilepsy attacks. Seizures are not equivalent to epilepsy attacks. However, getting a seizure might increase the risk of getting epilepsy.

Signs in Children that Prove they have a Seizure:

In the case of simple febrile seizures, these are the signs:

  • The child is in general fit and doesn’t have any medical history of abnormality or doesn’t have any neurological complications.
  • It starts when a baby has a fever. The child’s age can be from 6 months to 5 years.
  • Fever is not caused by Encephalitis, Meningitis and also not caused by any other cause that affects the child’s brain.
  • The fever lasts less than fifteen minutes.

In the case of complex febrile seizures, your child has the following symptoms:

All the symptoms are exactly same as simple febrile seizures. The only difference is that these seizures last longer than 15 minutes.

Apart from these two, there is something called symptomatic febrile seizure that occurs to a child with some neurological problem, abnormality or past illness.

Treatment of Seizures:

It is pathetic to see your baby suffer from seizures. High fever along with such disorders and attacks can leave him or her weak. Though it doesn’t affect the brain in the long run, still it is better to take care of such a thing.

General Treatment of Seizures:

There is no solution to a seizure. Physicians are asked to concentrate more on the cause of the fever and treat it to stop seizures. You can set a diet for your child and follow it sincerely to avoid seizures.

Diet to be Followed:

A ketogenic diet helps in burning more fat in your body, and that prevents seizures in children and adults. You can do this by increasing fats and decreasing carbohydrates. You can feed your child eggs, milk and milk products and fruits. This will keep him or her healthy and avoid physical breakdowns. You should avoid high carbohydrate diet such as whole grain bread or excess of sweet. Excess of ice cream should also be avoided to stop such problems. It is of great importance to maintain a balanced diet in case of children suffering from a seizure.

Home Remedies for Pediatric Febrile Seizure:

Home remedies have always been popular among parents as they work well and have no side effects. Following are the steps you can take when your baby suffers from seizures.

What to do:

  • You should lay the child down on the floor. In the case of a small child, you can lay him or her down on your lap. You can also turn the child on one side so that it is easier for him or her to vomit or pass saliva if the child wants to.
  • You should turn the baby sideways so that the tongue doesn’t block the air supply and the baby can breathe. Keep the head and nose upright so that he or she can breathe properly.
  • Make your baby comfortable. Loosen the clothes and make sure you don’t put anything in his or her mouth as this can cause injuries.
  • You must check the time of the seizure. If it lasts long, you need to call a doctor immediately.
  • After your child is okay, check for any injuries. It might be tiring for your baby so put him or her to sleep.

What not to do:

  • Don’t try to give any medicine to your child to bring down the fever. This might make the situation worse.
  • As mentioned earlier, don’t put anything in his or her mouth.
  • Don’t restrain the child and don’t put him or her in cold or lukewarm water to bring down the temperature.

As a responsible parent, you should keep calm throughout this whole ordeal. You need to know when exactly you should call the doctor.

Call the doctor in the following cases:

  • If the seizure relapses and your baby gets it within 24 hours,
  • If, you see your baby is getting dehydrated and turning pale, Or having difficulty in breathing.

Try for the home remedies, maintain and proper diet and if nothing works, consult a doctor and prevent pediatric febrile seizures.