More pregnant women in the US are utilizing cannabis, particularly during their first 3 months of pregnancy, as per a new study.
Percentage of moms-to-be who reported about utilizing cannabis in the last month increased from 3.4 percent in the year 2002 to 7 percent in the year 2017. In the first 3 months of pregnancy, last-month cannabis utilization increased from 5.7 percent to 12.1 percent. Moms-to-be consistently reported about more medical cannabis utilization during first 3 months of pregnancy as compared to the later months.
The researchers evaluated data of more than 100,000 non pregnant women and around 4000 pregnant women aged between 12 to 44 years. The participants were questioned about their present pregnancy status, last-month cannabis use, the no. of days they used cannabis in the last months as well as their daily or close to daily cannabis use.
Daily or close to daily cannabis utilization increased from 0.9 percent to 3.4 percent, with a rise of 1.8 percent to 5.3 percent during first 3 months of pregnancy, 0.6 percent to 2.5 percent during 4-6 months of pregnancy and 0.5 percent to 2.5 percent during the final 7-9 months of pregnancy.
The health effects caused by cannabis on the fetus haven’t been established yet. But most of the birth defects take place during the first 3 months of pregnancy which is why cannabis’ effects on the growth of fetus could be more pronounced women who use cannabis frequently, particularly in the first 6 months of pregnancy, said the study authors.
According to the authors, this study indicates the significance of interventions and screening for marijuana use among every pregnant women.