Home Remedies for Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Posted on Updated on 21 April, 2018

Home Remedies for Diabetes

Diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus, is a condition in which the blood sugar levels of the body rises. Diabetes has two primary forms – type 1 and type 2. While in the former type the body cannot synthesize insulin while in the latter, the body cannot cope up with the production of enough insulin or the amount that is produced has practical problems. To date, there are no such cures for diabetes. However, by controlling the blood sugar level, one can live a normal life.

Causes of Diabetes

Prediabetes often leads to type 2 diabetes, and it is caused when the cells begin resisting the action of insulin. The pancreas, on the other hand, is not able to cope up synthesizing enough insulin to overcome this condition. So, the sugar instead of passing into the cells starts building within the bloodstream causing diabetes. Again, the exact causes are still a matter of research, and the genetic and environmental factors are said to trigger the condition. Also, being overweight can increase the risks of developing type 2 diabetes.

While the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is still awaited, it has been found out that the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells inhabiting the pancreas. It creates a condition within the body that it becomes deficient of insulin, which is responsible for lowering the sugar in the bloodstream. So, as the sugar cannot enter the cells, it starts building up in the blood causing diabetes. Doctors think that the condition can be triggered by genetic as well as environmental factors, although there may be roots of other causes for the condition as well.

Sometimes women may develop diabetes during their pregnancy. It is called gestational diabetes, and it is caused when the placenta releases more hormones which make the cells resist insulin. Usually, in such a case the pancreas are equipped to respond by synthesizing more insulin to overcome the resistance. However, at times the pancreas cannot keep up, and there is too much of glucose in the bloodstream.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes more commonly occurs during childhood or adolescence though people of any age can also get this form of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is the more common form.  This diabetes too can develop at any age though people more than 40 years old are more prone to the disease. The symptoms of diabetes vary depending on the levels of blood sugar. In the initial stages of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, patients may not even experience the symptoms. However, in type 1 diabetes, patients can realize the symptoms more quickly as they tend to be more severe. Following are some common signs and symptoms of diabetes –

  • Increase in frequency of urination
  • Feeling thirstier than usual
  • Feeling starving
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Experiencing blurry vision
  • Frequent sores that heal slowly
  • Frequent infections of gums, skin or vagina
  • Irritability

It is advisable to seek medical attention the sooner you notice any possible signs of diabetes in you or your child. With the condition diagnosed at the right time, treatments can be more efficiently used for a better recovery by stabilizing the blood sugar levels.

Effective Home Remedies for Diabetes

Today, there are various treatment options available for keeping diabetes under control by lowering the increased levels of blood sugar. However, in addition to the medical treatments, you can apply your home remedies for bringing the condition under control much faster. These are very simple home remedies for diabetes which are perfectly safe and healthy.

Bitter Gourd

Bitter gourd or bitter melon is one of the best foods for getting back your diabetes in control. This is because bitter gourd can lower the blood glucose levels in your body by influencing the body’s overall glucose metabolism. It boosts the secretion of pancreatic insulin and doesn’t allow insulin resistance. This makes the vegetable useful for controlling both type 1 and 2 of diabetes. Drink the fresh juice of bitter gourd every morning on an empty stomach. To make its juice, first, deseed the vegetable and then, extract its juice with the help of a juicer. You can dilute the bitter juice with some water before you drink it. This treatment should be followed for at least two months to experience the shifts. Alternately, or additionally, you can also include a dish of cooked bitter gourd in your daily diet.


Okra or ladies finger is yet another vegetable that can help in controlling your diabetes. The vegetable is enriched with polyphenolic compounds that can contribute to lowering the blood glucose levels and checking your diabetes. A recent study also revealed that the seeds of okra and its peels have antihyperlipidemic and antidiabetic properties. Take a handful of these slender green vegetables and cut off the ends. Prick them everywhere with the help of a fork. Now, soak them overnight in a bowl of water. Discard the okras in the morning and drink the remaining water on an empty stomach. This remedy should be followed for several weeks to keep diabetes in a check. You can also include this great vegetable in your daily diet.


Include more of this medicinal condiment in your diet if you have diabetes. Cinnamon helps in lowering the blood sugar level in your body by stimulating the activity of insulin. The bioactive components contained in this condiment in preventing and controlling the uncontrolled type-2 diabetes. Mix a half to one teaspoon of powdered cinnamon in a cup of warm water and drink this tea every day. Alternately, you can boil 2 to 3 small sticks of cinnamon in a cup of water and allow it steep for some 20 minutes before drinking it. Do this on a daily basis for a marked improvement. You can also simply include cinnamon in your daily diet by adding some cinnamon powder to smoothies, baked goods, and warm beverages. A word of caution here – do not take the condiment in excess as the variety Cassis cinnamon sold commonly in the grocery stores contains Coumarin, a compound that can increase risks of liver damage. The other type called true cinnamon or Ceylon cinnamon is considered safer, but its effects on diabetes are yet to be studied adequately.

Green Tea

Make green tea a part of your everyday life to control your diabetes! Green tea is unfermented like the natural tea leaves. Moreover, it is enriched with polyphenol which is a super antioxidant and has hypoglycemic properties which control the secretion of blood sugars and helps in better utilization of insulin. Steep a bag of your favorite green tea in hot water for around 5 minutes. Remove this bag and drink the tea every morning before your breakfast or before every meal as you please.

Flax Seeds

Flax seeds are quite useful in checking diabetes. The high fiber content of these nutritional seeds, help in boosting up the digestion. This, in turn, helps in better absorption of the sugars and fats. A study has revealed that eating flax seeds can reduce your postprandial sugar level by around 28 percent if you have diabetes. While there are several healthy ways to include flaxseeds in your diet, one way is to have it every morning with warm water. Mix a tablespoon of powder flaxseeds in a glass of warm water and drink it on an empty stomach. However, limit your intake to a maximum of 2 tablespoons of flaxseeds every day, or it can have other side effects.

Holy Basil

Holy basil has long been known for its medicinal properties. The good news is that if you have diabetes, this herb can help you too. The leaves of this herb are a storehouse of essential oils and antioxidants. These synthesize the compounds caryophyllene, eugenol, and methyl eugenol – all of which help in the proper functioning of the pancreatic beta cells that store and release insulin. The compounds also boost insulin sensitivity. The antioxidants have an additional counteractive effect on oxidative stress. To reap the benefits of holy basil in preventing or controlling diabetes, consume the leaves on an empty stomach. You can either chew 2 to 3 fresh leaves of this herb or take a tablespoon of its juice every morning. Taken regularly it will gradually lower the blood sugar levels.

Lifestyle Changes

If you have diabetes, you need to keep your blood sugar levels under the constant monitor. Being in this condition, it becomes all the more crucial to follow a healthy eating plan followed by some exercise on a regular basis. Doctors recommend the inclusion of more fibers in your diet. It is a good idea to expose your body to a few minutes of sunlight on a daily basis. This helps in the synthesis of vitamin D in your body which helps in the production of insulin and is effective in controlling diabetes. Drink plenty of water to help the body to break down the sugars and try to keep stress at bay.